Veterinary treatment of sheep and goats

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Cross compliance requirements apply to you if you receive direct payments under Common Agricultural Policy support schemes or if you receive payments under certain Rural Development schemes.

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To receive your full subsidy payment you must comply with the Statutory Management Requirements SMRs and standards of good agricultural and environmental condition requirements that apply to your business. A number of SMRs apply to sheep and goat health.

Sheep & Goat - Products

The aim of SMR 10 is to prohibit the illegal use in stock farming of substances that have a hormonal or thyrostatic action and beta-agonists, and to prevent the residues that these substances leave in meat and other foodstuffs from entering the human or animal food chain. The aim of SMRs 13, 14 and 15 is to minimise the risk posed to human and animal health by FMD , bluetongue anda other animal diseases.

They will apply to you if you keep sheep and goats. Complying with SMRs 13, 14 and 15 means you must notify the Divisional Veterinary Manager of your AHVLA immediately if you know or suspect that a sheep or goat or carcass in your possession, or under your charge, is infected with:. For more information, see the guide on disease notification and restrictions. Accumulation of lead beyond legal limits renders meat, offal and milk unsafe and illegal to enter the food chain.

Lead poisoning can also result in stunted animal growth, animal deaths, increased birth defects and infertility, decreased productivity, loss of market value and disposal costs for dead animals and vet fees. Lead poisoning is often reported more in sheep than in goats. Both animals have a similar susceptibility, but sheep are browsing animals and tend not to ingest much soil. The most frequent cause of lead poisoning in sheep is ingestion of high lead soils. High lead soils arise from historic mining and smelting activities which date back up to two millennia or land erosion, especially by water courses or occasionally landslips.

There are several other sources of lead on farms that could be poisonous to sheep and goats.

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These include:. A week withdrawal period before slaughter is usually sufficient but for lead which is retained in the stomach, this can extend for several years. Some animals may show no signs of poisoning but have lead residues in their milk, offal and meat. Offal tends to have higher levels of lead for longer periods than meat or milk. There are several steps you can take to protect your sheep and goats and the human food chain from lead contamination. You should:. Feed contaminants such as lead or antimicrobial residues - or biological agents such as botulism - may cause disease in sheep or goats.

This can make their produce unsuitable for human consumption. You must ensure you do not give unsafe feed to food-producing animals. See the guide on farmed animal food and feed law. You can use some former foodstuffs - food previously intended for human consumption - as livestock feed, subject to the animal by-products regulations. You must not feed meat, fish and most other products of animal origin to ruminants, pigs or poultry, or allow them access to such material.

For more information about animal by-products and foodstuffs that can be fed to your livestock, see the guide on dealing with animal by-products. Due to concerns about the potential risk to humans, the use of hormonal growth promoters for livestock is banned in the UK.

This topic provides information on Common Animal Diseases and their prevention and treatments.

Antibiotic growth-promoting feed additives have also been phased out - because of concerns about the potential spread of antibiotic resistance. Read about antimicrobial resistance in bacteria associated with animals on the Defra website. You must prevent meat containing these substances from entering the human - or animal - food chain. This includes being familiar with the welfare code for that species. For stock management advice relating to welfare, see the guide on sheep and goat welfare. You should inspect your sheep or goats regularly for signs of disease. This will help to maximise the health and productivity of your flock or herd.

You should know signs of ill health to look for and call in expert veterinary assistance where necessary. Pasture management should form an integral part of your disease control - especially in the case of internal parasites and foot rot, where total reliance on drugs is best avoided. Regular inspection of your herd is essential to maintain good health. You should be familiar with the normal behaviour of sheep and goats and be alert for any signs of illness or distress - calling in expert veterinary assistance where necessary.

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Goats are particularly susceptible to parasitic infections of the skin - eg lice and mange - and foot rot. You must keep records of treatment given to animals, and of animal mortality, covering at least three years. Stock keepers must also keep full records of all medicines used, including:. You may only use authorised veterinary medicinal products, and you must record the name and address of the supplier.

Although not required, it is also useful to record specific cases and treatment of disorders. For more information, see the guide on managing livestock veterinary medicines. Small ruminants disease surveillance reports on the Veterinary Laboratories Agency website. Sheep and goats health and welfare guidance. Goats welfare code on the AdLib website.

Sheep and Goat Veterinary Care

FMD information on the Defra website. Scrapie information on the Defra website. Veterinary surveillance information on the Defra website.

Animal diseases information on the Defra website. Environmental permitting guidance for incineration activities on the Environment Agency website. Lead poisoning information on the Food Standards Agency website. Using animal products safely to feed livestock explained on the Food Standards Agency website. Antimicrobial resistance information on the Defra website. To help us improve GOV. It will take only 2 minutes to fill in. Skip to main content. UK uses cookies to make the site simpler.

Targeted deworming is now recommended where animals are dewormed based on the results of regularly performed fecal egg counts or on physical examination.

For more information on these techniques, specific parasites and helpful management tips for your farm please refer to the website below. Mature animal: Fecal egg count twice yearly and deworm as instructed. Young stock: at 3 months and then twice yearly.

Veterinary Services - sheep / goats

Moxidectin Cydectin should not be used in animals younger than 4 months or in pregnant or breeding animals as appropriate safety studies have not been performed in the U. For further information on specific diseases and vaccine recommendations please refer to:. Available HERE.

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