The role of language in the course of Greek national self-definitions has been, naturally, addressed by all major studies on this subject, yet a specifically linguistically-conscious approach such as this one is especially valuable because of the particularities of the Greek language question.
In most other cases of nation- building in Europe, this question entailed two processes. The first was the projec- tion of language as a constitutive element of nationhood, a practice generated by the ideas of Romanticism that prevailed in the first part of the nineteenth century.
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Book Reviews The second was a gradual standardization of a language that in turn functioned as an integrative element in the emergence, some would say construction, of a modern nation-state. All this also applied to nationalism in Greece, but with some important differences. Language became important in nationalist discourse relatively early, in the Enlightenment era, when Adamantios Korais employed it in his construct of continuity between ancient and modern Greece.
But it is the other Greek particularity that lent the Greek language question a controversial, divisive edge: the conflict between the advocates of a more archaic pure ver- sion, the so-called katharevousa, and the advocates of a more vernacular version, demotic Greek. It is that conflict Mackridge sets out to describe and explain, while also not- ing the ways it shaped, and was shaped by, the ongoing debates and clashes over Greek identity definitions.
It is a story well told, keeping faithfully and effectively to a strict chronological narrative structure. The chapter-based periodization, following a discussion of the preconditions for the language controversy, consists of an examination of an early stage from to ; the era of Korais, through ; the first half century of nation-state building, through , followed by an examination of the rise of the demoticists through , leaving two chapters to cover the twentieth century.
Preceding the chapters that study the language question chronologically is a chapter on the theoretical background. But the rest of the book is primarily concerned with the language controversy and intermittently with its connections with national identity, which are not always evident.
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In many cases, it is the various language controversy polemicists that invoke that connection, sometimes arbitrarily, in order to strengthen their case. The author, moreover, does return to the theoretical apparatus outlined in this opening chapter, proof in itself that the more general discussion of theories of nationalism is not essential to validate his own approach which relies on authors, texts and their historical context.
The literature on Greek nationalism needs empirical foundation stones such as this one, before anyone tries to build theoretical superstructures. Mackridge can be accommodating to both major and minor figures, conscientiously offering the reader summaries of their views but can also be delightfully unforgiving when he uses his expertise to explode, ever so gently, the self-importance of many self-appointed guardians of linguistic purity by describing, for example, their style as a mish-mash of forms.
If a print edition of the book is available, links to bookstores will be displayed on this page. The following bibliography gives a selection of fundamental studies pertaining to various aspects of identity discourses in East Central and Southeast Europe we have used when composing our contextualizations to the texts included in the volumes of the Reader. While we obviously could not aim at an exhaustive treatment, we sought to include the books that offer paradigmatic interpretations of individual authors or historical periods both in the local languages and in the main Western academic languages.
It is also intended to reflect the richness and complexity of the available literature on these topics which we could draw on while putting together these volumes. Aarbakke, Vemund. Ethnic Rivalry and the Quest for Macedonia, — Boulder: East European Monographs, Adanir, Fikret.
Die makedonische Frage. Wiesbaden: Franz Steiner Verlag, Agnew, Hugh LeCaine.
Origins of the Czech National Renascence. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, You can suggest to your library or institution to subscribe to the program OpenEdition Freemium for books. Feel free to give our address: contact openedition.lockwekgenolu.gq
Language and National Identity in Greece, 1766-1976
Greek: A Comprehensive Grammar of the Modern Language has become firmly established as the leading reference guide to modern Greek grammar. With its detailed treatment of all grammatical structures, its analysis of the complexities of the language and its particular attention to areas of confusion and difficulty, it is the first truly Peter Mackridge explores the ideological, social, and linguistic causes and effects of the Greek language question in its many and passionate manifestations over two turbulent centuries.
He shows the crucial way in which Greek linguistic identities have interacted in the creation of the modern nation since the War of Independence in Peter Mackridge explores the ideological, social, and linguistic causes and effects of the Greek The Routledge Modern Greek Reader has been specially designed for post-beginners to advanced learners of Greek. Written by an experienced instructor, this innovative reader offers both students and teachers of Modern Greek the pedagogical tools to utilise richly textured folktale material in a language class.
Language and national identity in Greece, | Faculty of Medieval and Modern Languages
Students can develop their The Routledge Modern Greek Reader has been specially designed for post-beginners to advanced Colloquial Greek: The Complete Course for Beginners has been carefully developed by an experienced teacher to provide a step-by-step course to Greeceas it is written and spoken today. Combining a clear, practical and accessible style with a methodical and thorough treatment of the language, it equips learners with the essential skills needed to This book deals with some of the major theoretical and descriptive concerns of the historical linguist. The author presents a variationist analysis of weak object pronoun placement in Greek during a transitional period of the language when these elements exhibited both clitic-like and affix-like behaviour.
The statistical analysis of the data, This book deals with some of the major theoretical and descriptive concerns of the historical This white paper is part of a series that promotes knowledge about language technology and its potential.
Basic Secondary Literature on Identity Discourses in Central and Southeast Europe
It addresses educators, journalists, politicians, language communities and others. The availability and use of language technology in Europe varies between languages. Consequently, the actions that are required to further support research and This white paper is part of a series that promotes knowledge about language technology and its The central question that I will pursue in this study concerns the universality of the human sentence processing mechanism.